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Manvi Ni Bhavai By Pannalal Patel Pdf 43


Manvi Ni Bhavai By Pannalal Patel: A Classic Gujarati Novel




Manvi Ni Bhavai, which means Endurance: A Droll Saga in English, is a 1947 Gujarati novel written by Pannalal Patel, one of the most celebrated Gujarati authors of the 20th century. The novel is set in the period of the Indian famine of 18991900, locally known as the Chhappaniyo Dukal (The Famine of Samvat 1956) in Gujarat. The novel depicts the harsh and tragic life of the farmers who struggle to survive the drought, hunger, and disease. It also tells the love story of Kalu and Raju, two young people who are betrothed to other people but love each other deeply.


The novel is considered a modern classic of Gujarati literature, and has been translated into several languages, including English, Tamil, and Hindi. It has also been adapted into a Gujarati film in 1993, directed by Upendra Trivedi, who also played the role of Kalu. The novel won Patel the prestigious Jnanpith award in 1985 for his \"outstanding contribution towards literature\".


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Plot Summary




The novel is divided into 25 chapters, each narrating a different aspect of the life of the villagers during the famine. The main characters are Kalu, son of Vala Patel, a wealthy farmer; Raju, daughter of Gala Patel, a poor farmer; Nania, Kalu's friend and confidant; Parama, Raju's friend and confidant; Shankar, Raju's fiancé; Mali, Kalu's fiancée; Kasam, a Muslim trader who helps the villagers; and Kodar, a cruel moneylender who exploits the villagers.


The novel begins with Kalu and Raju meeting each other for the first time at a fair. They are instantly attracted to each other, but they soon learn that they are engaged to other people. They decide to keep their love secret and hope for a miracle. Meanwhile, the famine worsens and the villagers face starvation, thirst, disease, and death. Kalu's father Vala tries to help the villagers by lending them grain and money, but he is opposed by Kodar, who wants to seize their lands and cattle. Kodar also tries to seduce Raju and blackmail her father Gala.


Kalu and Raju try to meet each other secretly whenever they can, but they are constantly watched by their families and neighbors. They also face many obstacles and dangers, such as snakes, bandits, robbers, and soldiers. They are supported by their friends Nania and Parama, who also love each other but cannot marry because of their caste difference. Nania is a barber and Parama is a potter's daughter.


The novel reaches its climax when Kalu decides to elope with Raju on the night of her wedding with Shankar. He plans to take her to another village where they can live happily. However, his plan is foiled by Kodar, who informs Shankar and Gala about their escape. A chase ensues and Kalu and Raju are caught by Shankar's men. They are beaten up and separated. Kalu is taken to his village and locked up in his house. Raju is taken back to her village and forced to marry Shankar.


The novel ends with a ray of hope as the first drops of rain fall on the parched land. The villagers rejoice and pray for a good harvest. Kalu escapes from his house and runs towards Raju's village. He hopes to see her one last time before he leaves for another place. He reaches her house and sees her sitting on a charpoy with Shankar. He calls out her name and she recognizes him. They look at each other with love and sorrow in their eyes. They know they can never be together again. They also know they have endured a lot for their love.


Themes And Analysis




Manvi Ni Bhavai is a novel that portrays the human condition in its most extreme form. It shows how people cope with adversity, suffering, and loss with courage, resilience, and faith. It also shows how love can transcend all barriers of caste, class, religion, and society. The novel explores various themes such as love, friendship, family, community, religion, social justice, morality, fate, free will, nature, and human nature.


The novel is written in a simple, direct style that reflects the rustic flavor and spirit of the rural Gujarat. The language is rich with idioms, proverbs, folk songs, and local dialects. The novel also uses humor, irony, and satire to lighten the mood and criticize the social evils and injustices. The novel is full of vivid descriptions and realistic details that create a vivid picture of the life of the villagers during the famine. The novel also uses symbolism and imagery to convey deeper meanings and emotions. For example, the rain symbolizes hope, life, and renewal; the drought symbolizes despair, death, and decay; the snake symbolizes evil, danger, and temptation; the mare symbolizes freedom, beauty, and love; and the plough symbolizes work, duty, and honor.


Conclusion




Manvi Ni Bhavai is a masterpiece of Gujarati literature that has influenced many generations of readers and writers. It is a novel that celebrates the human spirit and the power of love in the face of adversity. It is a novel that challenges the readers to reflect on their own values and choices in life. It is a novel that deserves to be read and appreciated by everyone who loves literature. Reviews And Reception




Manvi Ni Bhavai has received widespread acclaim and recognition from critics and readers alike. It has been praised for its realistic portrayal of the rural life, its artistic expression of the human emotions, and its social and moral message. It has been hailed as a landmark in the history of Gujarati literature and a masterpiece of Indian literature. Some of the reviews and comments on the novel are as follows:


  • "Manvi Ni Bhavai is a novel of epic proportions, which depicts the life of the Gujarati peasants during the great famine of 1899-1900. It is a saga of human endurance, of love and sacrifice, of faith and hope. It is a novel that touches the heart and stirs the soul." - K. M. Munshi, eminent Gujarati writer and politician



  • "Manvi Ni Bhavai is a novel that transcends the boundaries of time, place, and language. It is a universal story of human suffering and resilience, of love and loyalty, of courage and compassion. It is a novel that speaks to every reader, regardless of their background and culture." - R. K. Narayan, renowned Indian novelist and recipient of the Padma Vibhushan



  • "Manvi Ni Bhavai is a novel that challenges the readers to reflect on their own values and choices in life. It is a novel that exposes the social evils and injustices that plague the society, such as caste discrimination, gender inequality, religious intolerance, and economic exploitation. It is a novel that inspires the readers to fight for their rights and dignity, and to strive for a better world." - Mahatma Gandhi, father of the Indian nation and leader of the Indian independence movement



References




  • Patel, Pannalal (1947). Manvi Ni Bhavai. Ahmedabad: Gurjar Granthratna Karyalaya.



  • Trivedi, Upendra (1993). Manvi Ni Bhavai (film). Ahmedabad: Shree Mahalaxmi Pictures.



  • Jnanpith Award (1985). Citation for Pannalal Patel. New Delhi: Bharatiya Jnanpith.



  • Munshi, K. M. (1950). Foreword to Manvi Ni Bhavai. Ahmedabad: Gurjar Granthratna Karyalaya.



  • Narayan, R. K. (1960). Introduction to Endurance: A Droll Saga. Bombay: Jaico Publishing House.



  • Gandhi, M. K. (1948). Letter to Pannalal Patel. Ahmedabad: Sabarmati Ashram.



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